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Militia forces of the Republic of Texas win a decisive victory over Cherokee and Delaware Indians at the Battle of the Neches , the main engagement of the Cherokee War of — In the Council House Fight , a delegation of 33 Comanche chiefs and warriors is slaughtered by Texan militiamen while attempting to negotiate the return of captive white settlers at a peace conference in San Antonio.
Political rivalries in the river town of Bellevue , Iowa Territory culminate in a shootout in front of the town hotel that leaves seven people dead.
Swiss pioneer John Sutter receives title to nearly 50, acres of land surrounding the confluence of the Sacramento and American rivers in the Mexican province of Alta California , upon which he founds a colony he names "New Helvetia".
In December, Sutter purchases the Russian settlement at Fort Ross and uses its building materials to construct a fort on the site of present-day Sacramento.
Simultaneously, a separate Texian company approaching Woll's army from the rear is overwhelmed and massacred. The heavily outnumbered Texans are forced to surrender and more than men are taken prisoner.
Seventeen Texan prisoners of war are executed by the Mexican army after drawing beans in a random lottery, as punishment for their participation in a raid on the town of Ciudad Mier several months earlier.
The Champoeg Meetings culminate with a motion to organize what will become the Provisional Government of Oregon , the first locally administered European-American body of government in the Oregon Country.
Missionary Marcus Whitman accompanies the first major wagon train west along the final leg of the Oregon Trail , establishing the viability of the route for later immigrants.
Oregon City , the western terminus of the Oregon Trail, becomes the first incorporated U. John C. Louis to "map the source of the Arkansas River " but continues to the Sacramento Valley.
The Republic of Texas accepts a joint resolution of the U. Congress to annex Texas to the United States.
Mexico does not recognize the annexation. The phrase " manifest destiny " first appears in the Democratic Review in an essay by John L. O'Sullivan urging the annexation of Texas.
The concept does not become widely popular until O'Sullivan later uses the same phrase while addressing the subject of the Oregon Country.
The " Lash Law " bans blacks from living in the Oregon Territory. The boundaries of the state remain undefined. Polk declares war on Mexico, formally commencing the Mexican—American War.
Ide seize the Sonoma Barracks from Mexican officers and declare their intention to found an independent republic in northern Alta California.
The so-called "Bear Flag Republic" lasts just 25 days, after which it is subsumed into American military efforts to control California. The Oregon Treaty resolves a decades-long dispute over possession of the Oregon Country by extending the original boundary between the United States and British North America further west to the Pacific Ocean, with the entirety of Vancouver Island retained by the British.
Troops under the command of General Stephen W. Kearny seize the territorial capital of Santa Fe for the United States with little resistance.
American forces under Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan defeat Mexican regulars at the Battle of El Brazito. The first of three relief missions arrives to rescue survivors of the Donner Party , who have been snowbound in California's Sierra Nevada mountains for more than three months.
Fifteen Oregon missionaries , including mission founders Marcus and Narcissa Whitman , are murdered and 54 others taken hostage by a party of Cayuse Indians who accuse Whitman of deliberately poisoning Indians in his medical care during an outbreak of measles.
The massacre sparks the Cayuse War. James W. The agreement results in the cession of nearly all of the present-day Southwest , including California, to the U.
Regular steamboat service between the east and west coasts of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco.
Responding to questions of how to accommodate slavery in the western territories, Henry Clay proposes a series of measures to preserve the Union that come to be called the Compromise of The Pinkerton National Detective Agency is founded.
The city of Los Angeles, California is incorporated. The city of San Francisco, California is incorporated. The California territorial government sends a military expedition to attack hostile Yuma Indians along the Colorado River in retaliation for the Glanton Massacre earlier in the year, sparking the Yuma War.
Five Cayuse tribesmen are hanged in Oregon City for their participation in the Whitman massacre. California is admitted as the 31st U.
Soule in the Terre Haute Express. The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in Oregon is named after Boston, Massachusetts , or Portland, Maine , with Portland winning.
A family of Brewsterite pioneers traveling a southern route to California is massacred by Indians on the banks of the Gila River in what is now Arizona.
Thirteen-year-old Olive Oatman and her eight-year-old sister Mary Ann are abducted and enslaved. Congress passes the Appropriation Bill for Indian Affairs , which allocates funds to move western Native American tribes on to permanent reservations enclosed and protected by the federal government.
The act sets the precedent for modern reservations in the United States. Mariposa Battalion, led by James D. Savage , are the first reported non-natives to enter California's Yosemite Valley.
Fort Union is established in the New Mexico Territory. The Wells Fargo company is founded to provide express and banking services to California.
Levi Strauss arrives in San Francisco and opens a store supplying goods and clothing to Gold Rush miners.
The Washington Territory is organized from a portion of the Oregon Territory. Fort Riley is established in what is now Kansas. In the case of Holmes v.
Ford , a decision of the Oregon Territorial Supreme Court reaffirms that slavery is illegal in the Oregon Territory, concluding the last challenge of abolitionist law by pro-slavery elements living in Oregon.
Paiute Indians attack U. Army Captain John W. Gunnison and his party of 37 soldiers and railroad surveyors near Sevier Lake, Utah.
The Mexican army forces would-be conqueror William Walker and his mercenary troops to retreat to Sonora. Texas is linked by telegraph with the rest of the country when a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas is completed.
A provision that settlers will vote on the legality of slavery in the new territories effectively rescinds the Missouri Compromise of and touches off an epidemic of violence and electoral fraud beginning the next year.
Omaha City is founded in the Nebraska Territory. An argument over a stray cow precipitates the Grattan massacre , in which 30 U. Army soldiers and an interpreter are killed in retaliation for the shooting of Chief Conquering Bear of the Lakota Sioux.
Jonathan R. Davis , a veteran of the Mexican—American War and a gold rush prospector, single-handedly kills eleven armed immigrant outlaws near Sacramento, California using two revolvers and a Bowie knife.
The first permanent bridge across the Mississippi River opens for traffic in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Army detachments under Brigadier General William S.
The city of Dallas is incorporated in Texas. The predominantly abolitionist town of Lawrence, Kansas is ransacked and looted by a pro-slavery militia.
Outraged at the sacking of Lawrence, abolitionist John Brown and a party of Free-Staters murder five pro-slavery activists in rural Kansas Territory in the Pottawatomie massacre.
In the three months of retaliatory raids and murders that follow, more than two dozen people are killed, marking the bloodiest episode of the Bleeding Kansas era.
Crabb leads a filibustering expedition into Sonora to aid Mexican rebels fighting government forces. The rebels turn on the Americans after they cross the border and Crabb's entire army is executed.
The Battle of Pima Butte , in what is now Arizona, is the last major battle fought solely between indigenous peoples in North America.
Nearly emigrants passing through the Utah Territory are massacred by a combined force of Mormon militiamen and Paiute Indians during the hysteria of the Utah War.
Chief Leschi , a leader of the Nisqually people , is hanged by the territorial government of Washington after being wrongfully convicted of killing a colonel during the Puget Sound War.
An army of Texas Rangers and Indian allies under the command of John Salmon Ford engages Comanche warriors in a series of battles after attacking villages in the Canadian River valley, the final actions of the Antelope Hills expedition.
Gold is discovered in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. The resulting gold rush draws nearly , people to the Pike's Peak Country of present-day Colorado over the next three years.
The Comstock Lode , the first major discovery of silver ore in the country, provokes a silver rush in present-day Nevada that funds boomtowns including Virginia City and Gold Hill.
Mexican folk hero Juan Cortina and a large posse seize control of Brownsville, Texas in one of the major actions of the First Cortina War.
His motivation is the legal abuses perpetrated by Texan authorities against ethnic Mexicans. The occupation only lasts two days, but the Cortina Troubles continue for another two years.
Hundreds of Wiyot people are massacred by white settlers along the coast of what is now Humboldt County, California.
The Pony Express completes its first westbound and eastbound deliveries between St. Joseph, Missouri and San Francisco, California.
Kansas is admitted to the Union as the 34th U. A series of hostilities involving U. Army Lt. A convention of the Texas legislature votes to secede from the Union.
Colorado is organized as a U. The Nevada Territory and Dakota Territory are organized. Governor of Texas Sam Houston is evicted from office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederate States of America.
Lynde is relieved of duty after abandoning his post. The first transcontinental telegraph line is completed near Fort Bridger in present-day Wyoming , the result of an effort by Hiram Sibley and Western Union to connect California to the telegraph networks of the east.
The ability to instantaneously send messages from coast to coast immediately makes the Pony Express obsolete. Months of record precipitation in the far west culminate in the Great Flood of , which turns California's Central Valley into an inland sea and causes millions of dollars in property damage.
Their goals include seizing the Colorado gold fields and securing roads by which to invade California and Mexico. It marks a turning point in the New Mexico Campaign in favor of the Union.
William P. Calloway of the California Column and Confederate 2nd Lt. Jack Swilling. James Barrett and a detachment of Arizona Confederates led by Sgt.
Henry Holmes. It is often cited as the westernmost battle of the American Civil War , occurring 50 miles northwest of Tucson.
Confederate Sgt. The Second Battle of Dragoon Springs is fought in retaliation for the deaths of the four Confederates killed at the Apache ambush four days earlier.
Rebels under Capt. Sherod Hunter take back the cattle stolen by Cochise and his warriors and kill five Apaches.
It aims to encourage settlement in the West by simplifying the process of land acquisition: homesteaders need only claim, occupy for five years, and improve a minimum of acres of unappropriated land to be granted full ownership.
Alternatively, settlers have the option of purchasing the land outright after six months of residency. It is one of the first battles in which the United States Army is able to effectively use artillery against Indians.
Fort Bowie is built near the site following the battle. The Dakota War of begins when a Sioux hunting party slaughters five white settlers and the tribal council decides to attack white settlements throughout the Minnesota River valley.
More than Santee Sioux in Minnesota are sentenced to hang for the rape and murder of white settlers. Daniel Freeman submits the first claim under the Homestead Act of for land near Beatrice, Nebraska.
Chiricahua Apache leader Mangas Coloradas is captured, tortured, and killed by U. Idaho is organized as a U. Confederate guerrillas led by William Quantrill set fire to the pro-Union town of Lawrence, Kansas and kill nearly civilians in the Lawrence massacre.
Quantrill claims his motive was revenge for the Sacking of Osceola several years earlier. John Bozeman leads a group of about 2, settlers along the Bozeman Trail , a new cutoff route connecting the Oregon Trail with the gold fields of southwestern Montana , which he and John Jacobs had blazed the previous year.
Colonel Kit Carson accepts the surrender of most of the Navajo nation after the final two years of the bloody Navajo Wars.
Montana is organized as a U. Outlaw Jim Reynolds and his gang plunder and rob settlements in the South Park Basin of the Colorado Territory in an attempt to loot the gold mines of the region to support the fledgling Confederacy.
Pro-Confederate bushwhackers led by William "Bloody Bill" Anderson capture and execute 24 unarmed Union soldiers at a rail depot in Centralia, Missouri.
Union General Samuel R. The battle ends the last major Confederate offensive west of the Mississippi River. The largest engagement in the Trans-Mississippi Theater , with over 30, men involved, it is sometimes called the "Gettysburg of the West".
Colonel John Chivington and his volunteer militia massacre a peaceful Cheyenne village near Sand Creek in the Colorado Territory , in what is later called the Sand Creek massacre.
Fort Buchanan is overrun and destroyed by Chiricahua warriors in the Arizona Territory. It is the final armed engagement of the American Civil War.
Stand Watie , a Cherokee cavalry commander in the Confederate Army , becomes the last Confederate general to surrender to Union forces, at Doaksville in the Indian Territory.
The confrontation is sensationalized in Harper's Magazine , making Hickok a household name. It is often considered the archetypal one-on-one quick-draw duel , which later becomes a popular image of the Old West.
The period of the great cattle drives begins when Texas ranchers drive more than , head of cattle to assorted markets. Some travel east to Louisiana, where the animals are shipped to Cairo, Illinois and St.
Captain William J. Fetterman and 80 soldiers of the U. A fort built the next year, Fort Fetterman , is named in his honor.
Lucien B. Smith of Kent, Ohio is issued the first patent for barbed wire fencing, an invention which revolutionizes cattle ranching on the open prairies of the West.
In the Wagon Box Fight , a small party of U. Army soldiers and civilians near Fort Phil Kearny, armed with new rapid-fire breech-loading rifles and encircled by a wall of wagon boxes, manages to hold off hundreds of Lakota warriors led by Red Cloud and Crazy Horse.
Army on Castle Hill. It is organized on the same day into the Department of Alaska , to be administered by the Army.
The Medicine Lodge Treaty is signed between the U. It results in the abandonment of U. Wyoming is organized as a U.
The Battle of Washita River is fought when Lt. Chief Black Kettle , leader of the Cheyenne, is killed. Fort Sill is established by General Philip H.
Sheridan in the Indian Territory , near present-day Lawton, Oklahoma. John Wesley Powell and nine others embark on a scientific expedition that charts more than miles of the Green River and Colorado River through the canyon country of Wyoming , Colorado , Utah , and Arizona.
Powell and his crew become the first recorded white men to travel the length of the Grand Canyon. They reach the mouth of the Virgin River in present-day Nevada on August The world's first documented competitive rodeo is held in the town of Deer Trail in the Colorado Territory.
Wyoming becomes the first U. William "Hurricane Bill" Martin, a notorious outlaw in Kansas , begins rustling cattle southeast of Abilene before he and his gang are driven off by a posse from Marion.
According to local newspapers, Allison is reported to have killed as many as fifteen men in gunfights during this time.
With the growing railroad industry and cattle boom, buffalo hunters begin moving onto the Great Plains. In less than ten years, the buffalo population is dramatically reduced, and the animal remains an endangered species for much of the next century.
Over the next several decades, this provides Mormons with an added margin of political power. More than men, women, and children belonging to a friendly band of Piegan Blackfeet Indians are mistakenly attacked and massacred by a U.
Army command on the Marias River in the Montana Territory. Texas is readmitted to the Union following the Civil War. With the emergence of Abilene, Kansas as a major stopover for cattle ranchers, the town trustees attempt to curb the violence brought by the beginning of the cattle season by banning guns within town limits.
This proves extremely unpopular and unenforceable, as Texas cowboys make a habit of shooting up ordinance posters and tear down the city's first jailhouse; violence continues in the city until the appointment of Tom "Bear River" Smith as city marshal on June 4.
John K. It is during this time that Fisher becomes known as a skilled gunfighter. After a long illness, U. Army Captain John Barry is forced into retirement.
While stationed at Fort Ord , Barry attempts to improve relations between the United States and the Apaches , as well as encourages the enlistment of scouts to combat renegade Apaches.
John Younger kills Captain S. Nichols in a gunfight in Dallas, Texas. Bullard is shot and killed when he approaches a wounded Apache warrior.
Army soldiers led by scout Lee Stewart and U. Marshal Jack Bridges, who claimed to have a warrant for his arrest. Death of Navajo chieftain Barboncito Hastin Daagii.
In what becomes known as the Camp Grant Massacre , over Apache women and children are killed by a mob of Mexicans and Papago Indians led by several Tucson businessmen, including D.
Bennett and Sam Hughes. Bennett and several others are indicted in December, though all are acquitted. After an incident with gunfighter John Wesley Hardin over Hardin's insistence on wearing his gun in public, Carson is hired briefly as deputy in Newton, Kansas before returning to Abilene in November.
Carson and Deputy John W. Shortly after robbing a nearby bank, Jesse James addresses a crowd at a political rally in Corydon, Iowa. Professional gambler Phil Coe is involved in a shootout with Abilene City Marshal "Wild Bill" Hickok after Hickok attempts to censor a painting of a bull with abnormally large genitals in Coe's saloon.
Deputy Mike Williams is killed when Hickok accidentally shoots him, and Coe dies from his wounds four days later.
William F. Later that year, he and fellow scout John "Texas Jack" Omohundro appear on stage for the first time, portraying themselves in "Scouts of the Prairie".
Ellsworth, Kansas succeeds Abilene as the northern stopping point on the Old Texas cattle trail. Following the completion of the Santa Fe Railroad across the border of the Colorado Territory , the use of the Santa Fe Trail begins to decline, although Dodge City remains a major cattle town for the next decade.
The Santa Fe Railroad also completes a rail line at Wichita, Kansas , causing a major population boom in the town over the next several years.
Yellowstone is designated America's first national park by President Ulysses S. The Battle of Lost River results when the U. In the subsequent Modoc War , a party of 53 Modoc warriors entrenched in the Lava Beds of northern California manages to hold off hundreds of U.
The Colt Single Action Army revolver is first manufactured. A follow-up to the Homestead Act of , it permits homesteaders to claim acres of public land on which they have planted and maintained at least 40 acres of timber for a minimum of 10 years.
A combined force of U. Brewster M. Higley , is first published in an issue of the Smith County Pioneer. It is set to music by Daniel E.
Kelley and evolves into the classic western folk song " Home on the Range ", which is later adopted as the state song of Kansas.
John Younger is killed when he and his brother Jim assault two undercover Pinkerton detectives and a local sheriff in St. Clair County, Missouri.
While occupying an old trading post in the Texas panhandle , 28 bison hunters including year-old Bat Masterson are besieged by Comanche warriors at the Second Battle of Adobe Walls.
An expedition led by Lt. The expedition discovers placer gold , prompting a gold rush which draws thousands of settlers to the region over the next few years and thereby antagonizes the native Sioux inhabitants.
The 4th U. Cavalry under Col. Ranald S. Joseph Glidden patents a type of barbed wire he calls "The Winner", which becomes one of the most popular types in the country.
His design is modified from a version patented by Henry B. Rose that was displayed at a county fair in Glidden's hometown of DeKalb, Illinois.
Pinkerton agents throw an incendiary device into Jesse James ' family home in Kearney, Missouri , killing James' 9-year-old half-brother and badly wounding his mother.
After being wounded in the hip during a gunfight in Sweetwater, Texas , Bat Masterson agrees to become assistant city marshal of Dodge City, Kansas.
The defeat convinces Crook to withdraw from his planned offensive and await reinforcements. While leading an attack into a Sioux village in the Montana Territory , the U.
Several members of the James—Younger Gang , including Cole Younger , are captured after the failed robbery of the First National Bank leads to a gunfight with bank employees and local residents in Northfield, Minnesota.
In the first U. Crazy Horse surrenders to the U. Anticipating retaliation for recent crimes against white settlers and reluctant to move to a reservation, about Nez Perce Indians led by Chief Joseph , Ollokot , and White Bird begin a long retreat from western Idaho with the U.
Army in pursuit. John Gibbon. Cahill dies the following day. Four months after his surrender, Oglala war leader Crazy Horse is fatally stabbed with a bayonet by a U.
Army soldier while allegedly resisting imprisonment at Fort Robinson. Prospector Ed Schieffelin files his first mining claim after discovering silver ore on a high plateau between the San Pedro River and the Dragoon Mountains in southeastern Arizona Territory.
He names his stake "Tombstone". Army under Generals Oliver O. Howard and Nelson A. Miles , ending the Nez Perce War. In the San Elizario Salt War , years of legal conflict over the application of individual mineral rights to traditionally community-held salt lakes near the Guadalupe Mountains reach a climax when a detachment of Texas Rangers surrenders to a popular army of Tejano citizens following a four-day siege in the town of San Elizario, Texas.
More than a dozen people are killed in the exchange. The town of Leadville is incorporated in Colorado. Nick Worthington, a well-known outlaw throughout New Mexico and Colorado, is killed by residents of Cimarron, New Mexico after killing several men and stealing horses.
Captain Marcus Reno , the highest-ranking officer to have survived the Battle of the Little Bighorn , is brought before a general court-martial but is acquitted of cowardice.
The Utes besiege a U. Army detachment in the Battle of Milk Creek until it is relieved by troops under Col. Wesley Merritt on October 5. George Alford is sentenced to five years imprisonment for murdering a sheriff in Fort Worth, Texas.
James Allen kills James Moorehead after ordering eggs in a tavern in Las Vegas, New Mexico and, after escaping from prison for Moorehead's murder, is killed by a posse.
The Tombstone Epitaph prints its first issue in Tombstone, Arizona. It remains the oldest continuously published newspaper in the state.
A dispute over land titles between settlers of California 's San Joaquin Valley and the Southern Pacific Railroad leaves seven people dead in what is later called the Mussel Slough Tragedy.
Abran Baca kills A. Conklin in Socorro, New Mexico with several other outlaws, though he is acquitted the following year.
The city of Phoenix is incorporated in the Arizona Territory. A gunfight involving El Paso, Texas Marshal Dallas Stoudenmire results in what witnesses recall as " four dead in five seconds ".
He is buried the next day between his friends Tom O'Folliard and Charlie Bowdre in the town's old military cemetery.
Though the matter is settled by tribal custom, Crow Dog is sentenced to death under the laws of the Dakota Territory , only to be freed by a decision of the U.
Supreme Court. The Gunfight at the O. San Jose, California becomes the first city west of the Rocky Mountains with civic electric lighting when a foot-tall moonlight tower is illuminated downtown.
Morgan Earp is shot and killed while playing billiards in Tombstone, Arizona. His assassination is linked to his involvement in the Gunfight at the O.
Jesse James is shot in the back of the head by Robert Ford , a new recruit to his gang, at his home in St. Joseph, Missouri. President Chester A.
Arthur signs the Chinese Exclusion Act , which effects a near-complete ban on Chinese immigration and naturalization in the United States.
The law is especially significant for the burgeoning railroad and mining industries in the West, which had previously relied largely on low-wage Chinese labor.
Though the original act is set to expire in ten years, it is renewed in and again in Chaffee and Andrew W.
The Southern section of the second transcontinental railroad line is completed. Paul, Minnesota with the Washington Territory. In the Bisbee massacre , five outlaws rob a general store in Bisbee, Arizona and kill four people in the process.
The Department of Alaska is organized into the District of Alaska. A hour standoff begins in the town of Reserve, New Mexico when a posse of Texan cowboys confronts lawman Elfego Baca for having arrested an intoxicated cowboy.
Years of racial tension, aggravated by labor unrest over the preferential hiring of Chinese immigrants for very low wages, come to a head in the Rock Springs massacre , which leaves at least 28 Chinese coal miners dead at the hands of white miners in the town of Rock Springs, Wyoming.
The riot touches off a wave of anti-Chinese violence across the country. Dave Rudabaugh , a former member of Billy the Kid 's Dodge City Gang , is reportedly captured and decapitated by townspeople after terrorizing the village of Parral, Mexico.
His surrender is often considered the end of the Apache Wars. The extremely harsh winter of —87 devastates the American cattle industry, leading to the end of the open range era.
As a result, cattle ranching is completely reorganized and the period of the great cattle drives is over.
The Dawes Act is signed into law by President Grover Cleveland , permitting the federal government to divide communal Native American lands into privately owned allotments and to grant United States citizenship to individual allottees.
Intended as a way to modernize the reservation system and assimilate Native Americans into mainstream society, the act forces the sale and redistribution of nearly 90 million acres of Indian lands in the West to white settlers and commercial interests over the next five decades.
The shooting is ruled self-defense, since Courtright drew his pistol first. A severe winter storm known as the Schoolhouse Blizzard kills more than people across a vast area of the Great Plains including the Dakota Territory , Nebraska , and Kansas.
Belle Starr is murdered in Oklahoma. An estimated 50, homesteaders rush to claim nearly two million acres of unoccupied land appropriated for public settlement from ceded Native American territory in what is now central Oklahoma.
It is the first of several major land runs in the region. Army paymaster Joseph W. The bandits are never captured. Outlaw Butch Cassidy robs his first bank in Telluride, Colorado before fleeing to the remote hideout of Robbers Roost.
North Dakota and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U. Eight imprisoned Apache renegades , including the Apache Kid , murder two sheriffs and escape into the desert during a prisoner transfer near Globe, Arizona.
Washington is admitted as the 42nd U. Data collected for the Eleventh United States Census indicate that the spread of the population into unsettled areas has resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier.
Census Bureau declares that it will no longer monitor westward migration in the country. Forsyth attempts to confiscate their weapons.
In the most violent episode of the Johnson County War , wealthy cattle barons of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association and hired mercenaries invade the Powder River Country to persecute local ranchers on allegations of cattle rustling.
A series of deadly stand-offs ensues before President Benjamin Harrison orders the 6th Cavalry Regiment to intervene. The conflict forces a reorganization of the cattle industry in Wyoming and becomes one of the most well-known range wars in the history of the West.
Four members of the Dalton Gang are killed in a shootout with townspeople while trying to rob two banks at the same time in Coffeyville, Kansas.
Following a ten-month manhunt, local train robbers John Sontag and Chris Evans are wounded during a shootout with a posse of lawmen on a ranch north of Visalia, California.
Both outlaws are eventually captured, and Sontag dies of his wounds three weeks later. Captain Frank Jones is killed when he and a party of Texas Rangers searching for a gang of Mexican cattle rustlers are ambushed near the border town of Tres Jacales.
Three deputy U. Marshals and two civilians are killed in a shootout with members of the Doolin—Dalton Gang in the town of Ingalls , Oklahoma Territory.
All of the outlaws manage to escape. Women in Colorado are granted the right to vote. The Republic of Hawaii is officially established.
Sunset Limited service opened on the second transcontinental route by Southern Pacific Railroad. Bill Tilghman single-handedly captures wanted gang leader Bill Doolin at a bathhouse in Eureka Springs, Arkansas and returns him to the Oklahoma Territory.
Doolin escapes from prison on July 5. Detachments of both federal armies manage to disperse the rebels over the next several days.
A staged train wreck designed as a publicity stunt for the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad unexpectedly causes simultaneous boiler explosions that kill at least two spectators and result in numerous other injuries.
Crude oil is discovered for the first time in the Indian Territory , near present-day Bartlesville, Oklahoma.
Congress passes the Newlands Resolution to annex the Republic of Hawaii. Reid are shot during an argument. Smith is killed immediately and Reid dies 12 days later.
At least members of 35 different American Indian tribes attend the Indian Congress in Omaha, Nebraska , the largest gathering of its kind to date.
The Newlands Resolution finally comes into effect, creating the U. Territory of Hawaii as a result. Pearl Hart and a companion rob a stagecoach traveling between Globe and Florence in the Arizona Territory.
The pair is tracked down and arrested a few days later. Butch Cassidy and his Wild Bunch rob an Overland Flyer passenger train near Wilcox, Wyoming , resulting in a massive but ultimately futile manhunt.
Congress passed the Hawaiian Organic Act , establishing an organized government within the Territory of Hawaii. A dust explosion at the Winter Quarters Mine near Scofield, Utah kills at least coal miners in the Scofield Mine disaster , the deadliest mining accident in American history to date.
An oil well on the Spindletop dome near Beaumont, Texas strikes crude oil, becoming the first major gusher in the state and triggering the Texas oil boom.
Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker depart San Francisco in a two-cylinder Winton motor car.
They arrive in New York City on July 26, becoming the first people to cross the continent in an automobile. Legendary gunman Tom Horn is hung in Cheyenne, Wyoming for the disputed killing of year-old sheepherder Willie Nickell in His trial and hanging mark the waning of the power of the cattle barons in Wyoming.
The city of Las Vegas is founded in Nevada. Former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg is wounded by a bomb in his home in Caldwell, Idaho and dies a short time later.
An investigation suggests the assassination was motivated by prior labor unrest in Idaho's mining communities. An earthquake and resulting fires devastate the city of San Francisco and neighboring communities, killing at least 3, people and leaving nearly three-fourths of the Bay Area 's population homeless.
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly found dead following a shootout with police in the town of San Vicente, Bolivia.
New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U. Arizona is admitted as the 48th U. Quick View. Ripley's Adventureland Genting Highland More Info. Skip the Line: Petrosains The Discovery Is this a romantic place or activity that you would suggest for couples?
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Best nearby. Lukut Muzium Muzium Lukut. Get to know the area. Fish Feeding on board Dickson Dragon. Salt Water Jacuzzi net is lowered into the sea.
We recommend guests to soak themselves in the Salt Water Jacuzzi while the boat is moving. Karaoke is available on board and it is Free of Charge.
More info. Write a review. Traveller rating. Selected filters. Kerol M wrote a review Dec Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 12 contributions 2 helpful votes.
Not too bad not too good. Suitable for kids. Staff really helpful and friendly but have to follow the schedule.colisa.be - Legends of Our Times. Broncho Bill, cowboy interpreter of the Sioux, and his family, Buffalo Bill's Wild West. Artikelbeschreibung. Artikel-Nr. S0LEP2. Die Wild West Cowboy Weste für Herren ist das ideale Zubehör für authentische Cowboy Kostüme. Klassische Wild West Cowboy Weste. Dieser Artikel steht derzeit nicht zur Verfügung! 11,99 €. inkl. MwSt. zzgl. Versandkosten. Sofort lieferbar - in